The second annual Pune Dialogue on National Security (PDNS) was held in Pune on the 7th and 8th of September, 2016. Conceived by Dr. Vijay Kelkar, Vice-President of the Pune International Centre (PIC), the PDNS was organised jointly by the Pune International Centre, the Tribune Trust of Chandigarh, the Policy Perspectives Foundation (PPF) of Delhi and the Centre for Advanced Strategic Studies, Pune (CASS).  An overview of PDNS was presented by the convener of the conference, Air Marshal Bhushan Gokhale (Retd.) and the inaugural address was delivered by Deputy National Security Adviser (Dr.) Arvind Gupta.

The aim of this Dialogue is to provide inputs for formulating a comprehensive   National Security Policy and to deliberate upon important matters of national security with a holistic approach. Approximately 80 experts from different strategy and security professions, from different parts of the country, participated in the deliberations. The discussions were open and guided by the Chatham House rules (i.e. a rule or principle according to which information disclosed during a meeting may be reported by those present, but the source of that information may not be explicitly or implicitly identified). This ensured a free flow of ideas.

The discussions during PDNS 2016 were centered on India’s Nuclear Deterrence & Doctrine, Challenges & Opportunities in Cyberspace, Maritime Security, Countering Radicalisation & Violent Extremism, River Basins & Sharing of Water and Civil – Military Relationship. The Chief Guest for the PDNS 2016 was Dr Arvind Gupta, Dy National Security Adviser, who gave an extensive overview of the security scenario for India in his key-note address.

The issues discussed at length during PDNS 2015 included the National Security Policy Framework, External Dimensions to India’s Security, Federalism and National Security (Internal Dimensions), Impact of National Resources on National Security, New Technologies and the Emerging Perspective for National Security, The Fourth & Fifth Estate.